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研究发现孕妇患牙龈疾病可导致胎死腹中

据《每日邮报》2月1日报道,一名35岁的女性在怀孕39周后产下一个死胎,经检查发现,这名婴儿的死因是由母亲患的牙龈疾病——牙龈炎造成的,这一研究结果应该引起人们对口腔卫生的关注。

这是首次发现口腔细菌导致几乎足月的婴儿胎死腹中的实例。该研究成果发表在《妇产科医学》杂志上,该研究显示,这名不愿透露姓名的女性患有牙龈炎,她在怀孕39周后生下一名死婴,医生经检查,可以在母亲口腔里发现细菌,并在婴儿的血流、肺和胃里发现细菌。美国俄亥俄州的一名微生物学家发表了这份报告。

科学家认为,羊水发生任何形式的破裂都能对母亲和胎儿带来风险,牙龈疾病引起的感染确实非常危险。这名生育死婴的妇女经过治疗后,在第二次怀孕后产下一名健康婴儿。英国牙齿健康基金会会长奈杰尔·卡特博士说:“这个实例说明,改善孕妇的口腔健康状况,会对未出生的宝宝产生至关重要的影响。如果你是孕妇,注意口腔卫生非常重要。”

Pregnant women are being warned about the danger of gum disease after an unborn baby died as a result of its mother’s poor dental hygiene.

It is the first time oral bacteria has been found to be responsible for the death of a baby which had nearly reached full-term.

A study published in the Obstetrics And Gynaecology journal revealed the case of an unnamed 35-year-old woman who had the common gum disease gingivitis.

She delivered a stillborn baby at 39 weeks and doctors were able to trace the oral bacteria in the mother’s mouth to bacteria found in the baby’s bloodstream, lungs and stomach. The death was reported by a microbiologist in Ohio.

Scientists believe any disruption to the amniotic fluid, the liquid that surrounds an unborn baby, could pose a risk to both mother and baby – making the infection from gum disease a real risk.

Following preventive treatment, the mother of the dead baby later delivered a healthy baby boy in her second pregnancy.

Dr Nigel Carter, chief executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, said: ‘This case has shown that improving oral healthcare among pregnant women can have a significant impact on an unborn baby.

‘If you are pregnant, it really is vital to take extra care of your mouth. NHS treatment is free for expectant mothers up until their child’s first birthday.’

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