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孕妇过量食用甘草影响胎儿健康成长

cnbabyup报道@英国《每日邮报》(dailymail.co.uk),一项最新研究发现,在母亲腹中时曾接触过甘草的8岁孩子中,其体内激素皮质醇水平比母亲在孕期没有接触甘草的孩子平均升高三分之一。这就意味着,待产妇女食用甘草过量可能给孩子日后成年健康带来危险。

皮质醇有助于人体应对压力,但是该激素也与糖尿病、高血压和肥胖症密切相关。食用甘草后,由于皮质醇的盐皮持激素作用(mineralocorticoid action),使的血钾下降及血钠上升,加上身体储水增加,体重增加,血压增高。

在这项由英国大奥蒙德街医院和芬兰赫尔辛基大学联合完成的新研究中,研究人员调查了参试妇女孕期的甘草摄入量,并测试了这些妇女所生孩子8岁时的皮质醇水平。结果发现,孕期每周摄入0.5克甘草以上的妇女,其孩子皮质醇水平比其他父母孩子高33.3%。

专家认为,甘草中的自然甜味剂成分甘草素最终会对孩子体内激素调节体系产生不良影响。宝宝健康成长网建议,为了下一代健康着想,那些爱大量食用甘草制品的妇女,一旦怀孕,最好减少甘草摄入量。

dailymail.co.uk原文:

Mothers-to-be warned off liquorice over fears it can give children diseases later in life

Expectant mothers who eat liquorice could be increasing their unborn child’s risk of disease in adulthood.

Experts have found eight-year-olds who were exposed to liquorice in the womb had levels of the hormone cortisol up to a third higher than those whose mothers never ate it.

Cortisol helps the body deal with stress, but it is also linked to diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity.

In the study by London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital and the University of Helsinki, mothers were asked how much liquorice they ate in pregnancy. Their  children were tested aged eight for cortisol levels.

The study found that those whose mothers ate half a gram a week of liquorice – less than one Liquorice Allsorts sweet – or more in pregnancy had cortisol levels a third higher than those whose mothers did not eat it.

Experts believe the presence of the naturally occurring, very sweet ingredient glycyrrhizin in liquorice ultimately affects the mechanism which regulates hormone levels.

Clinical scientist Alexander Jones of Great Ormond Street, one of the study’s authors, said: ‘For those who eat a lot of liquorice, it may be a good idea to cut down when pregnant.’

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