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研究发现孕妈妈做家务可能损害宝宝的健康

《每日邮报》报道,研究人员发现孕妇做枯燥,重复的家务有引起过早生育的可能性,会损害宝宝的健康。对于不愿意做家务的准妈妈来说也许是一个完美的借口,她们因这一报道可以不必干打扫房间,洗餐具等家务活。

研究显示,“枯燥乏味和重复性”的家务活会增加婴儿早产的风险。但是,运动对妈妈和未来的宝宝均有好处。研究人员询问了12000名新妈妈在孕期包括做家务活在内的运动量。他们还问及这些新妈妈的工作、婴儿的体重和婴儿是否早产。结果发现,包括每天做家务在内的无需刺激脑力的工作会增加婴儿早产至少三周的概率达25%。

虽然准确原因尚不明确,但是,研究人员认为,可能是枯燥的任务增加了引起分娩的应激激素的水平。这一研究报告发表在《产期流行病学》杂志上,该研究还得出了一些其他的有趣结论。例如,上夜班的妈妈生下的宝宝似乎更重一些。虽然原因依旧不明确,但是,可能是孕期一直工作的女人普遍较为健康。

研究还显示,久坐不动的生活方式会增加生产重量不足的婴儿的概率,与此同时积极锻炼对妈妈和婴儿均没有害处。鹿特丹伊拉兹马斯大学的研究人员哈加·韦德查特说:“怀孕不是疾病。事实上,大多数孕妇是健康的,她们大多数人会生出非常健康的婴儿。那些身体健康而且未患孕期并发症的女人不应该为了追求更好的孕期效果而限制她们的活动量。或许她们能安全地继续自己以往的日常锻炼,包括诸如慢跑、壁球和举动等适度运动,甚至一直持续到孕后期。”

Pregnant? Forget housework, it could harm your new baby

It is the perfect excuse for mothers-to-be to unplug the vacuum and abandon the washing up – housework could be bad for baby.

Research suggests the ‘boring and repetitive’ nature of household chores raises the odds of giving birth prematurely.

Exercise, however, is good for both mother and unborn child.

Researchers asked almost 12,000 new mothers how much they had exercised during pregnancy – including housework.

The women were also asked about their jobs, the weight of their babies and whether they were born early.

And the information showed that mentally unstimulating work, including doing jobs around the house day-in day-out, increased the chances of giving birth at least three weeks early by up to 25 per cent.

Although it isn’t clear why, researchers think it may be that boring tasks increase levels of stress hormones involved in triggering labour.

The study, published in the journal Perinatal Epidemiology, also threw up some other interesting results.

For instance, women who work night shifts seem to have slightly heavier babies.

Again it isn’t clear why, but may simply be that those who work through pregnancy are healthier in general.

The research also showed sedentary lifestyles raised the odds of having an underweight baby, while strenuous exercise did no harm to either mother or baby.

Researcher Hajo Wildschut, of Erasmus University in Rotterdam, said: ‘Pregnancy is not a disease. ‘In fact, most women who are pregnant are healthy and most of them are being delivered of perfectly healthy babies.

‘Women who are healthy and do not have pregnancy complications should not restrict their activities in order to achieve a better pregnancy outcome.

‘They may safely continue their normal daily physical activities, including strenuous activities like jogging, squash and weight training even until late in pregnancy.’

The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists says that in most cases exercise in pregnancy is safe.

Mothers-to-be are advised to avoid contact sports, cycling, ice-skating and horse-riding.

Spokesman Patrick O’Brien, a consultant obstetrician, said: ‘The advice is pretty sensible stuff.

Exercise is good in pregnancy, it keeps you aerobically fit, it keeps your weight under control, it probably reduces the chances of difficulties and it makes it easier to deal with the birth and afterwards.’

Asked whether mothers-to-be should leave the housework to someone else, he said: ‘I wonder if the corollary is true: if you’re overdue and want to bring on labour, maybe you should get the ironing out!’

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