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美国最著名的十位从大学辍学的成功人士

在中国,随着大学毕业生就业率的惨淡,导致“上学无用论”的蔓延,在农村这种论调似乎更盛行。话说过来,现在的教育也确实存在问题,作为有志向的大学生,是沉默在这种体制下,还是勇敢的跳下独木舟?确实是个问题。今天看到美国《时代》周刊刊出美国最著名的十位从大学辍学的成功人士,鼎鼎大名的比尔·盖茨名列第一位、号称史上最成功高尔夫球手的老虎泰格·伍兹位列榜单末席。

哈佛大学的一份学生报纸《哈佛深红报》将比尔·盖茨(Bill Gates)称为“哈佛最成功的辍学生”,他在1973年秋季进入哈佛大学学习,两年后辍学,和儿时伙伴保罗·艾伦一同创办了微软公司。在离开哈佛30多年后的2007年,这位微软创始人终于获得了母校授予的荣誉博士学位。
The Harvard Crimson called him “Harvard’s most successful dropout” — the rest of the world just calls him ridiculously rich. For more than a decade, Bill Gates has been one of the wealthiest, if not the wealthiest, men in the world. The son of an attorney and a schoolteacher, Gates entered Harvard in the fall of 1973, only to drop out two years later to found Microsoft with childhood friend Paul Allen. In 2007, more than thirty years after he left Harvard, the co-founder of Microsoft would finally receive his degree (an honorary doctorate) from his alma mater. At the commencement, Gates said, “I’m a bad influence. That’s why I was invited to speak at your graduation. If I had spoken at your orientation, fewer of you might be here today.”

位居榜单第二的是苹果CEO斯蒂夫·乔布斯(Steve Jobs),当年乔布斯刚刚踏进里德学院六个月,他就因为工薪阶级的父母财务紧张而辍学。但他最终创立了苹果、NeXT电脑公司和皮克斯动画工作室,改变了现代文化的前景。

The Mac, the iPod, heck, even Buzz Lightyear probably wouldn’t have existed had Steve Jobs stayed in school. The future wizard of One Infinite Loop dropped out of Reed College after just six months because of the undue financial strain it placed on his working-class parents’ savings. He would go on to eventually found Apple, NeXT Computer and Pixar, becoming an instrumental force in shaping the landscape of modern culture. However, his brief tenure in academia was not for naught. In a 2005 commencement speech he gave at Stanford University, Jobs credited a calligraphy class he took at Reed College with forming the basis for the typography used in the first Macintosh computer.

位居第三的是美国著名建筑师弗兰克·劳埃德·赖特(Frank Lloyd Wright),时代给他的评语是花在造大学建筑上的时间远远超过在其中就读的时间,1886年他进入威斯康辛麦迪逊大学学习,一年后离开。其生平作品超过五百件,其中纽约古根海姆博物馆便是其颇有名气的作品之一。

America’s most celebrated architect spent more time designing colleges than attending them. Frank Lloyd Wright was admitted to the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1886, but left after only one year. He would move to Chicago and eventually apprentice under Louis Sullivan, the “father of modernism.” By the time of his passing, Wright’s resume included more than 500 works, most famous of which are Fallingwater and New York City’s Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

位居第四的是巴克敏斯特.富勒(Buckminster Fuller),一位具有传奇色彩的发明家、建筑师、地理学家和哲学家。从哈佛大学辍学,而且不是一次,是两次。

富勒出生于1895年,1917年至1919年在海军服役,展现出对工程学的极大天赋,发明了拯救飞行员的救生艇。1947年,富勒发明了短程线圆顶结构,这种安装成本低、简便易行的圆顶结构合理,能反抗极大的外来压力。1954年,他的这项发明获得了专利权。巴克敏斯特.富勒于1983年7月1 日去世,去世前获得了美国总统自由奖章。

曾执导过包括《泰坦尼克号》、《阿凡达》等影片的著名导演詹姆斯·卡梅隆(James Cameron)名列第五。1954年8月16日,詹姆斯·卡梅隆出生在加拿大安大略省的一个中产阶级家庭,他的父亲是一个电气工程师,母亲是一个艺术家。中学毕业以后,詹姆斯·卡梅隆被加利福尼亚州立大学的物理系录取,他很快就对大学的课程感到失望,跑出校园闯荡社会。他干过机械修理工,给别人开过大卡车。1977年,詹姆斯·卡梅隆看到了乔治•卢卡斯的经典科幻影片《星球大战》,他激动地意识到这就是他想要创造的东西。

The Academy Award-winning director followed a circuitous route to Hollywood. Born and raised in Canada, he and his family moved to Brea, California in 1971. It was there that the young Cameron enrolled in Fullerton College to study physics. His academic life did not last long. He would drop out, marry a waitress and eventually become a truck driver for the local school district. It was not until he saw Star Wars in 1977 that Cameron would trade his blue collar career for one creating some of the late 20th-century’s most stunning (and expensive) science-fiction movies.

被人们冠以“盖茨第二”的美誉的Facebook创办人马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)名列榜单的第六位。马克·扎克伯格是哈佛大学计算机和心理学专业辍学生。据《福布斯》杂志保守估计,马克·扎克伯格拥有15亿美元身家,是08年全球最年轻的单身巨富,也是历来全球最年轻的自行创业亿万富豪。

Most college students use their dorm rooms to sleep, study, or do things their parents probably don’t want to know about. Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook in his. Originally meant only for Harvard students, the popular social networking site quickly spread to the rest of the Ivies and other colleges across the nation. As Facebook’s popularity exploded, Zuckerberg packed up his bags and relocated the fledgling company to Palo Alto, California, forever leaving behind Harvard’s hallowed halls. So far, the decision has worked out pretty well for the twenty-something. According to Forbes, Zuckerberg is the youngest billionaire in the world, with a 2010 net worth of $4 billion.

而好莱坞著名演员汤姆·汉克斯(Tom Hanks)位列第七,哈里森·福特(Harrison Ford)NO.8。NO.9 是曾为布兰妮、菲姬、小野猫、阿肯等知名歌手作曲的Lady Gaga。

位列十大榜单最后的是高尔夫球手老虎·伍兹(Tiger Woods),老虎一开始还选择一边打业余高尔球赛,一边在斯坦福大学学习经济学专业。时代评语说,或许是经济学课本的“机会成本”概念给了他启发,两年后他就辍学成为了专业选手。在职业高峰时期,其年收入最高达一亿美元以上。

In a world where prodigious sports talents tend to forgo higher education altogether for the pros, Tiger Woods chose to continue playing amateur golf at Stanford University as an economics major. Perhaps it was in Econ 101 that he learned the term “opportunity cost,” because his time at Stanford was not long. After two years there, Woods turned pro with his “Hello world” announcement, officially ending his collegiate career. He would go on to become one of the highest paid athletes in the world, earning more than $100 million annually at the height of his career. How’s that for economics?
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  1. 保健品 说道:

    就是不一样,很不错!支持一下!

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